What is a CMP?

Objectives of CMPs

The ultimate objective of a CMP is to provide a long-term strategy for the desirable mobility pattern of a city’s populace. To achieve this objective, the following are the main objectives:

  1. To provide a long-term vision(s) and goals for desirable urban development in each city;
  2. To illustrate a basic plan for urban development and include a list of proposed urban land use and transport measures to be implemented within a time span of 20 years or more; and
  3. To ensure that the most appropriate, sustainable and cost-effective implementation program is undertaken in the urban transport sector.

Figure 2 Objectives of a CMP
Figure 2 Objectives of a CMP

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Main Features of CMPs

The main features of CMPs are the following:

  1. To optimize the “mobility pattern of people and goods” rather than of vehicles;
  2. To focus on the improvement and promotion of public transport, NMVs and pedestrians, as important transport modes in Indian cities;
  3. To provide a recognised and effective platform for integrating land use and transport planning; and
  4. To focus on the optimization of goods movement.

Figure 3 Main Features of CMPs
Figure 3 Main Features of CMPs

A CMP focuses on the mobility of people rather than that of vehicles: Conventional urban transport plans focused on addressing issues relating to vehicles and often recommended extensive infrastructure development such as road networks and flyovers. The improvement of vehicle flows in this approach, however, is often achieved though decreased mobility of pedestrians, NMV and public transport users. Consequently, mobility of people as a whole has not been appropriately addressed. The CMP, on the other hand, focuses on mobility of people to address urban transport problems, to promote better use of existing infrastructure, improvement of public transport, pedestrian and NMV facilities. It also emphasizes integration of land use and transport development.

A CMP focuses on improvement and promotion of public transport, NMVs and pedestrians as important city transport modes: Promotion of the use of public transport, NMVs and pedestrians is vital for improving the mobility of people in urban areas. Public transport and NMVs are widely recognized internationally as environmentally friendly transport means and should be promoted to reduce the rate of increase in the number of vehicles.

A CMP provides a platform for integrating land use and transport planning: Since land use patterns directly influence travel patterns, it is essential to examine desirable land use patterns in cities from the viewpoint of urban transport development. For instance, commercial and residential area development should be integrated with mass transit development, in pursuit of transit-oriented development, reducing dependence on private vehicles. Such integration of land use planning and urban transport planning is urgently required in Indian cities (and in cities everywhere).

A CMP develops an urban transport strategy that is in line with the National Urban Transport Policy (NUTP): Since the NUTP is the upper-level strategy on urban transport development, all CMPs should pursue the concept of the NUTP, contribute to introducing NUTP strategy into each city and propose specific measures to realize the NUTP concept.

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Key Outcomes of CMPs

In accordance with the objectives set out above, a CMP includes the following major outcomes: long-term visions and goals, a preferred form of urban growth and a list of proposed urban transport measures and priority projects. As a long-term strategy document, a CMP should include a clear statement of visions and goals consistent with the NUTP, as CMPs follow the concepts of the NUTP. It should also detail comprehensive transport development measures including high priority projects and project sheets. Indicative costing and implementation schedules need to be provided in the CMP. The primary objective of the recommended measures is to improve the mobility of people in the short, medium and long term.

Figure 4 Key Outcomes of CMPs
Figure 4 Key Outcomes of CMPs

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