Relationships between a CMP and Other Existing Plans

There are a few important plans and studies that need to be referred to when a CMP is prepared: City Development Plans (CDPs) and Master Plans and Comprehensive Traffic and Transportation Studies (CTTS). A comparison of the tasks involved in these plans and studies is summarized in Table 1 and the relationship with the CMP is explained below.

Table 1 Illustrative Comparison of Major Tasks of CMPs and Other Existing Transport Plans

Major Tasks Existing CDP Existing Master Plan Existing CTTS CMP
Review of Existing Transport System
Transport Demand Survey    
Review of Land Use Plan    
Analysis of Urban Transport Situations    
Preparation of Future Land Use Scenario    
Future Transport Network Scenario      
Transport Demand Forecast Model    
Network Evaluation        
Preparation of Mobility Framework      
Formulation of Urban Transport Measures
Social and Environmental Impact Assessment      
Institutional Scheme for Project Implementation      
Preparation of Implementation Programs  
Stakeholder Consultation
Periodical Update and Maintenance    
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Relationship with the CDP

A City Development Plan (CDP) is prepared by each city in advance of requesting JNNURM funds from MoUD. The CDP addresses various urban development sectors, including urban transport. Usually, CDPs include project proposals for both infrastructure and regulatory measures, but the development of urban transport measures is not comprehensive. CDPs rarely adopt a transport modelling approach and do not include a clear strategy regarding long-term urban transport development and the ‘mobility’ concept. Comprehensive Mobility Plans (CMPs) will review transport sector programs and integrate them into more comprehensive transport sector programs that focus on integration of land use and transport and improvement of the mobility of people. A CDP also provides valuable information regarding the existing and future development of the urban area.

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Relationship with the Master Plan

A Master Plan (or Development Plan) is a statutory document for guiding and regulating urban development. It is prepared by urban development authorities in each metropolitan area, defines the future area for urbanisation, and addresses planning issues for various sectors. The transport sector plan, however, is one of the most important sectors, and contains development measures such as road network (arterials, collectors, and distributors etc.), parking facilities and MRT systems. In preparing a CMP in target cities, where a Master Plan is available, it should serve as an input to the CMP. In this process, the CMP reviews the future land use patterns in the Master Plan from the mobility optimization point of view and selects a preferred pattern of land use/transport integration if necessary. If the recommendation by the CMP on urban growth pattern differs from the one in the Master Plan, the CMP recommendation may be reflected in a future version of the Master Plan. For cities where a Master Plan is not available, a CMP must be prepared first and used as an input for the preparation of the Master Plan.

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Relationship with the CTTS

Some cities have already conducted CTTSs by examining traffic and transport issues and recommending improvement measures. Some of these documents concerned mainly roads and flyovers, while others proposed MRT systems. While existing CTTS documents focus on vehicle flows, the CMP will concentrate on the mobility of people. A CMP addresses a wider range of land use/transport issues and investigates a wider spectrum of policy options to bring the city towards its desired mobility patterns. As the CTTS is a transport sector study, the information, methodology (including demand modelling) contained and recommended projects/programs are highly relevant to the CMP tasks. All of these findings are, however, carefully reviewed in the process of CMP preparation so as to achieve vision and goals to optimize the mobility pattern of the metropolitan region.

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