FAQs on Comprehensive Mobility Plan

What is a CMP?

A CMP presents a long-term vision of desirable mobility patterns (people and goods) for a city and provides strategy and policy measures to achieve this vision. It should follow the NUTP, which emphasizes the importance of pedestrian facilities, non-motorized transport measures, and public transport systems, including buses and sustainable mass rapid transit systems.

Who should use this toolkit?

Targeted users of this CMP toolkit include policy makers, city authorities and consultants. The toolkit provides: (i) guidance in setting CMP visions/objectives for policy makers; (ii) the structure and process of CMP development for city authorities, and (iii) detailed tasks to be performed by consultants.

Why is it called a Comprehensive Mobility Plan (CMP)?

Existing CTTS documents typically focus on mobility needs of car users, while CMPs are to address the mobility needs of all people and the infrastructure requirement for all modes, as well as to integrate both the land use (i.e., the spatial distribution of activities) and transport systems. The “comprehensive” in CMP conveys this all-encompassing scope. Existing CTTS documents allocate the majority of resources to “solving” vehicle congestion, while CMPs will focus on providing “mobility” for all people, the most important issue to be addressed for effective and sustainable urban development.

Who should be responsible for the preparation of CMP?

City authorities should be responsible for the preparation CMPs. During the process of the CMP preparation, it is recommended to establish an advisory committee consisting of key stakeholders and to organize seminars and workshops to obtain feedback from a wider audience.

Is a CMP different from a CTTS?

Yes, a CMP differs from a CTTS. While the focus of a CTTS is on the mobility of vehicles, a CMP concentrates on the mobility of all people. CMPs address a wider range of land use/transport issues and investigate a wider spectrum of policy options to bring the city towards desired mobility patterns.

Do we need a CMP when a CTTS has already been prepared and approved?

Yes. Cities with an approved CTTS should also prepare a CMP in order to reexamine the effectiveness and sustainability of policy measures. However, if the existing CTTS follows closely the tasks required for a CMP, the Ministry may ask only for an improved CTTS and may not require the city to prepare a wholly new CMP.

What should a city do when the preparation of a CTTS has already started?

If the city has made significant progress, it should continue preparing the CTTS and later prepare a CMP reflecting the findings of the CTTS. If CTTS preparation is still at an early stage, the city may modify the terms of reference and commence preparation of a CMP instead.

Who should be involved in the preparation of a CMP?

Preparation of a CMP should involve not only the engineering division, which is responsible for building roads, but also the municipal/state passenger transport authority, as well as the city development authority. In addition, other relevant agencies and stakeholders should be consulted throughout the planning process.

Why do CMPs need to be prepared BEFORE feasibility studies of specific projects?

The Ministry of Urban Development has been receiving a number of DPRs for specific projects from many cities that fail to examine the wide range of policy options available. The projects often represent preconceived “solutions” and the documents try only to justify such “solutions”. The Ministry considers that the submission of a CMP is a prerequisite for the submission of DPRs, because any projects or policy measures recommended should effectively contribute to the attainment of “comprehensive mobility” visions that are effective and sustainable from the long-term perspective of future city development.

How much detail is required in recommended policy measures included in a CMP?

Although a CMP serves as a visionary document, it should provide a clear and logical methodology. As such, any project recommended in a CMP should be broadly defined in its characteristics, such as basic concepts, form, area covered, components, preliminary estimation of costs, financing options, implementation organization and social/environmental implications. A further level of detail required for feasibility assessment and detailed design should be performed after the CMP is approved.

Is the application of demand modelling always necessary to prepare a CMP?

It is recommended that the strategy for land use and transport development be based on a scientific approach. For cities where demand models have already been developed, for example within the existing CTTS, the models should be utilized to in preparing the CMP. For cities with limited time and resources, a simplified approach to transport demand modeling may be applied. A simplified modeling technique adopts techniques, such as a reduced sampling rate for the OD survey, use of larger traffic zones, use of strategic transport network, which help resource and time required for transport demand modeling.

What are the planning horizons of a CMP?

The typical CMP planning horizon will be 20 years, but CMPs should also cover actions to be taken within 5 and 10 years.

Do CMPs need to be updated regularly?

Yes. Since cities are constantly changing, it is recommended that every city update its CMP at least once every five years.

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