Task 2 Data Collection and Analysis of the Existing Urban Transport Environment

Task 2-3 Review of the Existing Transport Systems

It is important to properly understand the existing transport situation in order to develop a rational land use and transport plan and mobility improvement measures in a CMP. Types of information required at this stage include the following (suggested data items to be collected are shown as survey forms included in Annex 1):

(1) Review of Existing Studies, Reports and Proposals

All existing transport-related studies, plans, proposals, laws and standards should be compiled and be briefly summarized. All projects related to urban transport under construction, design, planning and preparation, as well as institutional and organizational measures, should be summarized and listed.

Review of Existing Studies, Reports and Plans:

  • City Development Plan
  • Master Plan
  • Comprehensive Transport and Traffic Studies
  • Industry Development Plan
  • Detailed Project Reports (DPRs) related to Transport Measures
  • Any other related plans/studies

A table is to be prepared to compare problems and analyses addressed in each report/study. A sample form is shown in Survey Form 1-1A of Annex 1.

Review of Existing Legal Framework and Standards:

  • Laws and regulations related to transport/traffic
  • Engineering design standards
  • Environmental standards
  • Regulations related to social issues such as involuntary resettlement

Inventory of Planned/Proposed and Ongoing Projects: Literature reviews, as well as an inventory of projects proposed or planned in the existing reports or studies, or by relevant agencies, should be listed and summarized in Survey Form 1-1B included in Annex 1.

(2) Review of Existing Transport Infrastructure

Review of existing transport infrastructure and facilities includes: roads, flyovers/ underpasses, intersections, parking, safety facilities, traffic signals, pedestrian and NMV facilities, and traffic calming facilities. Critical areas of the existing system should be identified for more detailed analysis. Some of this information will be used in preparing a network model for demand forecasting and in assessing road capacity and flow/capacity, in addition to providing essential geometric data for potential improvements. Suggested review items for existing transport infrastructure are listed in Table 3 and example survey forms are shown in Annex 1.

Table 3 Suggested Review Items for Existing Transport Infrastructure

Survey Items Description Sample Form
Outline of Road Network In order to provide a comprehensive outline of the city’s road network, collect information such as road length, right of way, and road density. Survey Form 1-2A
Inventory of Arterial Road Network Compile inventory of the arterial road network of the city to be used for subsequent development of a transport demand model. Survey Form 1-2B
Inventory of Flyovers and Underpasses Identify all existing flyovers at intersections, railway over bridges (ROBs), and railway underpasses. Survey Form 1-2C
Inventory of Major Intersections Identify and inventory critical intersections and roundabouts, in particular those intersections that are important from the viewpoint of the entire road network or that are heavily congested. Survey Form 1-2D
Parking Facilities Review of the city’s existing parking facilities for both on-street and off-street parking. Survey Form 1-2E
Traffic Control Facilities Compile a list of traffic control facilities such as signals. Survey Form 1-2F
Pedestrian Facilities Summarize data on pedestrian facilities. Survey Form 1-2G
NMV Facilities Facilities for non-motorized vehicles (NMVs), such as bicycles and cycle-rickshaws are recognized as an important component of a sustainable transport plan. Survey Form 1-2H
Level Crossing Collect data on level crossings as level crossings are not only major bottlenecks of the network, but also cause accidents for both road traffic and the railway. Survey Form 1-2I
Public Transport and Paratransit Facilities Prepare a list for bus stops, paratransit stops, parking and terminals. More details in the next section
Maps of road infrastructure and facilities Based on the above inventories, prepare maps indicating locations of infrastructure measures.

(3) Review of Public Transport Systems

The existing public transport system (bus services) in terms of infrastructure (e.g., bus lanes, stops, and terminals), fleet size/types, fare structure and regulatory and institutional framework is to be reviewed at this stage (Table 4). This task aims at identifying the areas where services are inadequate and there is scope for improving existing services. The task requires, for example, interviewing public transport operators to obtain information on operational characteristics, route structure, financial status and opinions on required improvements.

Table 4 Survey Items for Public Transport

Survey Items Description Sample Form
Inventory of Available Public Transport In a city where buses are operating, the CMP will clarify the public bus situation, including that of mini buses, but excluding inter-city bus services. Survey Form 1-3A
Inventory of Bus Operation, Maintenance, and Economic and Productivity Indicators Survey Form 1-3B
Map of All Public Bus Routes An initial survey will be undertaken to identify and map all public bus routes in the city and vicinity, including the neighbouring towns, for public bus operators licensed by the state government. The contents of these bus network route maps may include, but not be limited to, the following:
  • Designated bus routes;
  • Terminals and transfer points;
  • Names of bus stops (for those that have a name);
  • Names of final destinations;
  • Major street names and common destinations; and
  • Route coverage area (area within 500m from bus routes).
Inventory of Paratransit Paratransit modes such as auto rickshaws, cycle rickshaws, and taxis, are an important component of public transport operations in most Indian cities, especially in cities where bus services are not provided. Survey Form 1-3C
Inventory Intermodal Facilities Intermodal facilities including bus terminals, railway stations, airports, and ferry ports are essential elements in the public transport system. Survey Form 1-3D
Inventory of River Transport River transport, including ferry transport, fulfils an important role in some Indian cities, e.g., where a major river cuts across the city centre. Survey Form 1-3E

(4) Review of Urban Goods Distribution

A review of urban goods distribution includes: location and function of major freight terminals, markets; regulation, and practices relating to heavy goods vehicles, transporting hazardous goods movement, such as petroleum products.

(5) Review of Traffic Safety and Enforcement

Traffic safety is one of the most important urban transport issues. A review of accident data collection methods and analysis should be made (Table 5) and potential improvement measures should be identified. It is recommended that targets for accident reduction and measures to improve safety in the areas of engineering, education and enforcement be included in the CMP.

Table 5 Survey Items for Traffic Safety and Enforcement

Survey Items Description Sample Form
Inventory of Traffic Accidents Collect statistics on traffic accidents and outline trends. Survey Form 1-4A
Hazard Map of Traffic Accidents Prepare a map showing the number of accidents and locations to identify accident-prone spots. Locations with a high number of accidents may indicate deficiencies in the network, such as problems related to geometric design, signalling, engineering and provisions for vulnerable road users.
Enforcement Enforcement is a key aspect in realizing an efficient urban transport system. Survey Form 1-4B

(6) Review of Institutional and Financial Situation

Information regarding institutional arrangements for planning, implementation and coordination of urban transport development should be reviewed (Table 6).

Table 6 Survey Items for the Institutional and Financial Situation

Survey Items Description Sample Form
Inventory of Agencies/Organizations Active in Relation to Urban Transport Review the overall organization and hierarchy of the government in relation to land use and transport systems development. Survey Form 1-5A
Assessment of Planning, Implementation and Coordination Capacity Capacity in planning, implementation and coordination of urban transport measures are important issues for Indian cities. Survey Form 1-5B

(7) Review of Environmental and Social Conditions

Motor vehicles directly contribute to air pollution and cause social problems. In order to understand the current situation, initially, existing information, standards and monitoring data should be collected through a literature review.

Environmental Conditions and Issues: Urban transport affects several environmental parameters, including air pollution (including CO2 emissions), noise and vibration. Data should be sought on these parameters from relevant environmental agencies and further sampling be carried out where data are inadequate, missing, or out of date. In this way, the importance of these issues can be reviewed and appropriate mitigation measures be recommended. The following items should be summarised and presented in the CMP:

  • Issues on air pollution, noise and vibration;
  • Issues on regulations and standards on air pollution, noise and vibration;
  • Regulations and standards on vehicle emissions and vehicle inspection; and
  • Other major city environmental issues relating to urban transport.

Social Conditions: Urban transport is strongly related to social problems such as involuntary resettlement and urban poverty. Data should be collected on these issues from relevant agencies and further sampling carried out where data are inadequate, missing, or out of date. In this way, the importance of these concerns can be reviewed and appropriate mitigation measures be recommended. The following items should be summarised and presented in the CMP:

  • Poverty situation;
  • Resettlement issues;
  • Mobility and accessibility issues for the poor; and
  • Other major city social issues.
Next page Page top