4 Description of Feasibility Study Tasks

Chapter 8 – Environmental and Social Impact Analysis

This section should address the environmental and social aspects of the project.

8.1 Environmental Impact Analysis

The environmental impacts of the proposed works on the corridor will require a plan of environmental mitigation, as well as monitoring in order to identify future possible negative impacts. For the feasibility study stage this task involves the identification of the following:

  • Evaluation of the direct environmental impacts caused in the construction stage, as well as those during the operation of the corridors.
  • Development of mitigation measures for impacts on pedestrians, drivers, passengers and neighbouring properties in the area of influence.
  • Recommendations concerning the engineering projects from the environmental point of view.
  • Estimate of costs of these measures and designation of the responsible body for their execution.
  • Specific environmental proposals for:
    • Potential factors of risk – erosion, riverbanks and flood plain reduction.
    • Green areas and parks – as well as major changes to vegetation, required for the execution of the work.
    • Touristic, archaeological and historic sites of particular interest along the corridors.
    • Land use and occupation within the area of influence, specifically near places like hospitals, schools, markets etc.

8.2 Social Impact Analysis

This would typically cover:

  • Identification of the type and characteristics of the organizations that would be displaced by the introduction of the new services in the corridors, defining: (i) displaced workers (drivers and other); (ii) small proprietor-operators (person-vehicle); (iii) informal workers (without formal labour relationship or legal protection); and (iv) large operators.
  • Evaluation of the effect on properties (expropriation needs, damages, etc) and preparation of a program designed to mitigate these problems on the affected population groups.
  • Estimate of the impact on productive activities and services.
  • Resettlement of squatters, low-income housing or subsidised dwellings.

8.3 Safety Audit

This is needed to guarantee adequate levels of security on the corridor for all users, specifically pedestrians, 2-wheeled vehicle users, passengers and other road users. This task is best handled by a specialist and should cover both the work plan and final operations.

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