Stage 3 Setting Goals

Identifying Constraints

This is also a key stage. Constraints need to be identified, described and understood. Sometimes this will help lead to actions to remove or at least mitigate a constraint, or help to find a way to bypass it. Nonetheless, constraints will exist, and if they are not properly recognized, they will impact in the implementation phase.

For example, if something is not permitted under regulations, a legal challenge could be made after implementation, leading to suspension of services and chaos on the streets. Or extensive action plans that are beyond the organizational or financial capacity of the City will have no chance of being implemented whereas more modest plans could be implemented in the short-term and have immediate benefits.

Constraints are likely to include:

  • Legal constraints
  • Regulatory constraints
  • Organisational and institutional frameworks and relationships
  • Organisational and institutional capacity
  • Availability of technology
  • Infrastructure related constraints
  • Availability of vehicles
  • Practicality of allocating road and other space to public transport
  • Ability to raise investment finance for infrastructure and vehicles
  • Organisational capacity of the operator
  • Technical capacity of the operator
  • Relationships between operators and conflicts
  • Political impasse and opportunism
  • Influential hidden owners of informal vehicles
  • Resistance from the trade unions

Some of the constraints will be readily identified during the consultation and focus group/workshops and will be discussed openly among stakeholders. However, some of the constraints will be more sensitive and might not be discussed openly. Nonetheless, the constraints exist and must be identified. The project team will need to find discrete ways to be aware of covert constraints impacting on potential projects.

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