Use of the Guidelines

Parking is an important consideration for all cities. Well designed and balanced parking controls can maximize the efficiency of road space, allowing clients to visit businesses, customers to visit retail establishments and local residents to improve their mobility while undertaking economic and social activities. Adequate parking supply is needed in cities to encourage retail and commercial activities and to satisfy residential and visitor demands. At the same time, and increasingly in cities with high vehicle ownership, parking controls can provide a powerful tool for restricting excessive use of private modes by limiting public space allocated to parking, thereby encouraging preferred modes such as public transport. A parking scheme can be introduced to a city to address existing transport problems or be introduced to support and compliment a large cost-intensive public transport scheme, thereby improving the cost effectiveness of that scheme.

This module addresses measures not only for car parking, but also for bicycles, freight vehicles, taxis, and rickshaws. PPP schemes are also important as a means to implement parking initiatives and appropriate guidance is included in this module.

In the first section of this module, policy background and development strategies for medium sized cities in India are explained. This is followed by an explanation of the process and necessary steps for parking planning. Tools for designing parking measures are explained with reference to international experiences and case studies. The requirements for the parking of rickshaws, bicycles and freight vehicles are also discussed. Finally, standards for parking and examples of parking developments using PPP schemes are set out in the Annexes.

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