FAQs on Parking

Why do we need to control parking?

Well designed and balanced parking controls can maximize the efficiency of road space allowing people to expand their mobility for conducting economic and social activities to the advantage of the city. This is achieved directly by reducing kerbside obstacles which can reduce traffic congestion, and indirectly by encouraging public transport, which is not subjected to restrictions in central areas.

Do we always need to provide parking space to meet demand?

No. Parking controls can provide an effective tool for restricting excessive use of private cars by restricting parking supply (number of parking spaces) below demand levels, thereby encouraging the use of public transport systems or NMTs for shorter trips. In some areas, there may be demand for long term parking, in which case time duration controls can be implemented to encourage a ‘turnover’ of parking for the benefit of nearby commercial activities.

What types of parking control measures are available?

Parking control measures include: on-street parking measures such as no stopping, no parking schemes in busy streets, resident permit schemes, and parking tickets or parking meters for time limitations, which can be implemented on a street or zone basis; and off-street parking measures such as ground level parking, multi-story car parks, underground car parks provided by public, private, or PPP initiatives. An efficient means of enforcement is required to ensure parking measures are effective.

Why do we need to introduce parking fees for on-street parking?

For exceptional cases free parking can be allowed, but in general, parking fees should be introduced on urban streets. Essentially, these streets are built to provide mobility to people and goods, but not to freely provide parking space for private users. The National Urban Transport Policy of India (NUTP) stipulates that the levy of a high parking fee that truly represents the value of the land occupied should be used to make public transport comparatively more attractive. It is also common practice in many cities for the parking fees to directly subsidize the costs of an enforcement agency, which usually require additional resources for new parking schemes. Fees therefore contribute to the success and sustainability of the parking controls.

How can we collect parking fees most effectively? What types of new technology available for this purpose?

Parking fees can be collected manually, but various types of parking machines are available which allows operation of fully automated car parks. Most of the parking machines accept graded scale parking fees, and cash (coins or notes). The latest technology allows taking credit cards that eliminates cash gathering or risk of pilferage.

Where should we build NMV parking?

NMV parking should be provided at commercial areas as well as transport terminals, such as MRT stations. Most suburban rail stations (and some bus stops) in Japan and Europe provide bicycle parking space so that transit users can use bicycles as a convenient feeder mode. It is generally recommended to build NMV parking facilities off-street, but on-street parking may be arranged where sufficient space is available.

What options are available to get the private sector involved in providing parking control measures?

Private sector involvement in parking is an attractive option to solve parking problems in a city when high investment costs are required and the Municipality alone cannot meet the needs for construction, development, and maintenance of parking facilities. Several possible scenarios exist for attracting private sector involvement in parking, based on the scope of powers delegated to the operators by the Municipality either for on-street parking, off-street parking, or both. The type of property upon which parking lots are located, either public or private, is also an important consideration.

Would the Ministry subsidize construction of car parks?

Yes. Multi-level parking complexes should be a mandatory requirement in city centres that have high rise commercial complexes and will be given priority under the JNNURM initiative, but such a proposal must indicates clearly a strategy for parking controls in the area.

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