STEP 4: Design Appropriate Measures

Parking measures should be designed according to consistent standards. For on-street parking Traffic and Transportation Policies and Strategies in Urban Areas in India (RITES, 1998) recommends the following norms for on-street parking:

  • No on-street parking should be permitted at locations on primary and secondary road network where carriageway width is less than 7 metres;
  • Street parking should not be allowed on roads where V/C (volume/capacity) ratio is more than 0.8 or speeds less than 15km/hr;
  • Intersections and other critical locations should be kept free from parking and other encroachments;
  • Suitable kerbside lengths should be kept clear of parked vehicles near bus bays
  • Bus bays should be provided at bus stops;
  • No parking should be allowed on raised footpaths or other corridors meant exclusively for pedestrians; and
  • In central areas, street parking may be permitted on one side of the road one day and on another side on another day depending on the site location.

Figure 8 illustrates examples of street design for the regulation of on-street parking. Colored pavement is used to regulate stopping or parking vehicles near intersections. Another example shows that street furniture (bollards) can be used to prevent vehicles parking on pedestrian areas. Sidewalk build-outs allow some parking bays while providing easy crossing for pedestrians.

Source: PADECO

Figure 8 Examples of Street Designs for Regulating On-Street Parking

Page top

Design Considerations

The following criteria should be appraised when designing a suitable parking scheme.

  • Is the number of on-street parking spaces limited to encourage public transport modes and an attractive pedestrian environment?
  • Is the number of off-street parking spaces increased to provide a balance considering reductions in on-street parking supply?
  • Are public off-street parking facilities located within acceptable walking distances from actual destinations? (for short-stay parking – i.e. less than four hours – acceptable walking distances rarely exceed 500 meters.
  • Is priority given to residents and short stay parking? (commuter parking can be accommodated but it should not be at the expense of residents and short stay visitors)
  • Does the parking scheme divide the city into coherent zones with controls that are appropriate to the particular conditions of each zone (i.e. the strictest controls are usually required in the areas that attract the highest parking volumes).
  • Are the controls and tariffs for public on-street parking higher than those for off-street parking?
  • Is there adequate enforcement to ensure compliance with the parking controls?
Page top