Annex 2 Example Standards for Parking Areas for Development

Parking Norms in Hong Kong

The norms applied in Hong Kong are given below as a reference for other types of development. There is a requirement for parking spaces to be provided at schools, hospitals and public buildings, even though Hong Kong has a world class public transport system.

Table 1 Hong Kong Parking Standards 2000

Type Of Development Parking Requirement Loading Requirement
Residential Development
Urban and Non-Urban Areas: Rental 1 car space/13–16 flats Provision within the site and around each block
Urban and Non-Urban Areas: Home Ownership Schemes (HOS) and Public Sector Participation Schemes (PSPS) 1 car space/ 5 – 8 flats
Non-Urban Areas: Rental 1 LGV space/80 flats
Non-Urban Areas: HOS, PSPS 1 LGV space/200 flats
Private Developments Zone 1: HK Island, Kowloon and New Kowloon 1 car space/4 flats Minimum of 1 loading space within site/800 flats with a minimum of 1 space/block and service spaces around block
Private Developments Zone 1: Shan Tin and Tsuen Wan 1 car space/4 – 7 flats
Private Developments Zone 1: Non-Urban Areas 1 car space/7 flats
Sandwich Class Housing 1 car space/ 4 – 7 flats
Private Residential Zone 2: Main Urban Areas 1 car space/flat or /100m2 gfa whichever is the less
Private Residential Zone 2:
New Territories
1 car space/flat or 110m2 gfa whichever is the less
Private Residential Zones 3 and 4 1.5 car spaces/dwelling
Village Housing Up to 1 car space/65m2 of housing in communal areas 10 – 15% of car spaces for overnight goods vehicles
Visitor parking for private residential developments should be 5 visitor spaces/block in addition to the above recommendations
Community Facilities
Primary Schools 1 car space/4– 6 classrooms 1 bay/2 – 3 classrooms
3 bus bays
Secondary Schools
Technical Institutes
1 car space/ 3 –4 classrooms 1 bay/3 – 5 classrooms
3 bus bays
Special Schools 1 car space/4 – 8 classrooms 1 bay/2 – 3 classrooms
Kindergartens 0 – 1 car space/4 – 8 classrooms 1 bay/5 – 8 classrooms
Minimum of 2 bus bays
Clinics and Polyclinics 1 – 1.5 car spaces/consulting room; 1 – 2 spaces for disabled; in general no visitor parking; 3 spaces for ambulances at polyclinics 1 – 2 bays (9m x 3m) for ambulances under cover
1 – 2 bays (11m x 3m) for other vehicles
0 – 1 taxi bay/consulting room
Hospitals (with no Accident and Emergency Department) 1 car space/3 – 12 beds; 3 spaces for ambulances; in general no visitor parking; 2 – 5 for disabled parking 1 bay/160 beds for taxis
1 bay (7m x 3m)/400 beds for Public Light Buses (minibuses)
1 – 2 bays under cover for ambulances
Hospitals (with Accident and Emergency Department) 1 car space/3 – 12 beds; 8 spaces for ambulances; some visitor parking; 2 – 5 for disabled parking 1 bay/80 beds for taxis
1 bay (7m x 3m)/200 beds for Public Light Buses (minibuses)
2 bays under cover for ambulances
Places of Worship: Churches, Temples and Mosques 1 car space/16 seats 1 – 2 bays (9m x 3m) for small coaches
Electric Sub-stations 1 car space for sub-stations ≥66KV ≥66KV 1 space 11m x 3m
Community Centers Up to 5 car spaces
1 space each for 30-seater bus, van and truck
1 – 3 bays for taxis
1 – 2 bays for buses/trucks
Commercial Facilities
Retail: purpose designed retail centers including restaurants Zone 1: 1 car space/200 – 300m2 gfa
Zone 2: 1 car space/20 – 40m2 gfa for 1st 200m2 then 1 car space/150 –200m2 gfa
1 bay for trucks/800 – 1,200m2 gfa
Offices 0 – 1 car space/240m2 gfa
1 car space/150 – 200m2 gfa for 1st 15,000m2 then 1 car space/200 – 300m2 gfa
1 bay for trucks/2,000 – 3,000m2 gfa for sites ≥ 5,000m2
1 bay for taxis/20,000m2 gfa
Retail Markets None as these markets are mainly for pedestrians 1 MGV/HGV bay/20 – 30 large stalls; 1 MGV/HGV bay/40 – 60 small stalls
1 bay for truck/refuse collection
Some bays for taxis
Hotels: Main Urban Areas and New Towns 1 car space/100 rooms; for hotels with conference and banquet facilities, 0.5 – 1 car space/100 seats; car parking spaces for hotel limousines and operational needs of staff 0.5 – 1 goods vehicle bay/100 rooms; taxi/private car bays as follows:
≤ 299 rooms 2 bays
300 – 599 rooms 3 bays
≥ 600 rooms 4 bays
space for single deck tour bus:
≤ 299 rooms 1 bay
300 – 899 rooms 2 – 3 bays
≥ 900 rooms 3 bays
Hotels: Other Areas ≥ 1 bus space/200 rooms
≥ 1 car space/10 rooms
2 – 5 car spaces/100 seats where conference and banquet facilities are provided
≥ 1 bay for truck/100 rooms
Commercial Entertainment Facilities, Cinemas, Theatres 0 – 1 car space/20 seats but not in urban areas 1 truck bay (except cinemas)
≥ 1 taxi bay/400 seats
Industrial Developments
Industrial Zones 1 car space/1,000 – 1,200m2 gfa; turning circle for cars/LGVs 7.5m radius, for trucks 11.5m 1 goods vehicle bay/1,000 – 2,000m2 gfa 50% of which should be for goods vehicles
1 loading bay
Industrial/Office (I/O) 1 car space/200 – 300m2 gfa
1 car space/200 – 300m2 commercial gfa
1 goods vehicle bay/1,000 – 2,000m2 gfa of 50% of the I/O gfa and 1 goods vehicle bay /2,000 – 3,000m2 gfa of the remaining 50% I/O gfa; 50% of the above for goods vehicle parking; 1 goods vehicle bay / 800 – 1,200m2 of commercial gfa solely for loading;
1 container vehicle bay
SPECIAL INDUSTRIAL USE
Industrial Estate 1 car space/900m2 gfa or /450m2 site area whichever is the greater; 50% for loading 50% of car spaces for loading (50% LGV/50% HGV)
1 container bay/site
Science Park 1 car space/75m2 gfa, 75% for cars. 25% for vans 1 goods vehicle space/5,000m2 gfa
Business estate To be determined from ongoing study.
Rural Based Industrial Use 1 space/establishment or per 900m2 gfa whichever is the greater

Note: gfa = gross floor area

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