Annex 6 International Case Studies

Vienna, Austria

Present Situation

  • The overall impacts of the area-wide parking management scheme led to a decrease in the daytime (morning) occupancy rate of around 25%, and a decrease in the evening occupancy rate by about 10%.
  • Under this scheme as well: (i) a slight increase in occupancy rates was noticed, in most cases, in neighboring districts with free parking; (ii) morning availability in carparks improved; (iii) search times for free carparks was shortened from nine to three minutes; and (iv) average parking times were estimated at one hour.
  • Illegal parking is insignificant.


  • Produce changes in traffic behavior, especially for commuters using cars (i.e., reduce motorized individual traffic by reducing long-term parking for non-residents and deceasing search times for free parking spaces, as well as enhancing public transport).
  • Improve the parking situation for residents.
  • Improve access to zones for commercial traffic, such as deliveries, errands, and shopping.
  • Improve safety for pedestrians by reducing illegal parking and opening additional public space for pedestrians and cyclists.
  • Utilize fees and fines from parking to invest in the building of parking garages and to improve public transport.

Policy and Organization

  • Since 1993, free public parking has been completely eliminated from districts and on-street parking can only be used for paid (short-term) and for residential parking. Long-stay parking (commuters) can use off-street parking facilities.
  • Improvement in parking area management and monitoring.
  • Creation of additional parking garage spaces for residents.
  • Gradual reduction of parking spaces in public areas (to use such public spaces for more beneficial purposes such as public transport, business traffic, and pedestrians, as well as to recapture these public areas as places embodying the urban and artistic life).
  • Continued monetary support for public transport and for new garage construction (revenues are earmarked for transport and social support).

Important Lessons

  • The area-wide parking policy did not lead to negative impacts on the overall local economic situation.
  • Parking supports successful companies, yet cannot solve the problems of less successful companies.
  • Relationships between the relocation of companies and the introduction of the parking policy in Vienna (to/from non-parking policy areas) cannot be found, as relocations were likely due to other reasons such as site-specific land costs.
  • Conducted surveys show that people cannot predict how they would actually react to proposed changes in the parking scheme.
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