NMT Policy

India’s National Policy on Non-Motorized Transport

NMT measures proposed by an Indian city should conform to existing policy at national, state and city level. The National Urban Transport Policy for India (published by the Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India, April 2006) refers to priority for non-motorized transport in paragraphs 27 – 32. A summary is shown in Box 1.

Box 1 Priority for Non-Motorized Transport (NUTP) – excerpt

  • The safety concerns of cyclists and pedestrians must be addressed by encouraging the construction of segregated lanes for bicycles and pedestrians. Segregation of vehicles moving at different speeds would improve traffic flow.
  • Segregated NMV paths are required not only along arterials but also access roads to public transport terminals. This will increase the use of the public transport system particularly when combined with the construction of NMV parking.
  • It is essential that NMT facilities be designed and constructed by consulting experts and community (i.e., potential users).
  • Activities on footpaths such as street vendors must be properly controlled to secure pedestrian safety.

Source: National Urban Transport Policy for India, Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India, April 2006.

The NUTP recognises the important role of para-transit, particularly for occasional trips, as well as its increasing, but inadvisable use as a substitute for deteriorating public transport services. Ideally, general improvements in public transport will restore the role of para-transit (including rickshaws) to its original position in the transport hierarchy, and this should be borne in mind when considering NMV facility improvements, so that improvements do not conflict with other strategies.

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