Step 1 – Diagnosis

The first step is to undertake a diagnosis of the existing situation for pedestrians. This involves a profile of pedestrians as well as their trip characteristics. It is anticipated that much of this information may be drawn from the Comprehensive Mobility Plan. To the extent possible, plans showing existing pedestrians facilities should be compiled including information on sidewalk width, condition, and occupation by hawkers and main pedestrian areas. The diagnosis should include the components listed below. The level of detail of this first step should reflect the level of investment planned.

Profile of Pedestrians in the City

A profile of pedestrians within the city should include an analysis of the existing situation and trends covering the following topics:

  • descriptions of the typical types of pedestrian in the city including commuters, passengers, traders, and their place in society (e.g. poorer sectors of society)
  • main origins and destinations and average trip lengths
  • pedestrian volumes in selected areas — especially transport hubs and market/shopping areas and an indication of route desire lines
  • identification of peak periods of pedestrian activity
  • proportion of walking trips as part of the person-trip modal split
  • likely future trends for pedestrian activity, such as an increase or decrease and the reasons
  • comments and key issues with regard to pedestrian trends
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Existing Pedestrian Facilities

Existing pedestrian facilities may include the following:

  • crossings (at-grade signalised / non-signalised), grade-separated (overbridges/subways); number and location; issues of design and location;
  • pedestrian safety facilities: physical reserves, safety islands, barriers;
  • segregation of pedestrians from vehicles;
  • pedestrianised areas and areas not formally pedestrianised but predominantly used by pedestrians (transport hubs, shopping areas);
  • sidewalks: percentage of roads with sidewalks, sidewalk widths, sidewalk condition;
  • occupation of sidewalks by hawkers and illegal markets;
  • urban design and street furniture for pedestrians;
  • a description of pedestrian management at markets
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Social Aspects of Pedestrians

  • employment issues;
  • poverty issues;
  • attitudes towards pedestrians by sectors of society: types of pedestrian and desired routes;
  • social attitudes; other cultural factors;
  • land use influencing pedestrian activity
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Safety Aspects for pedestrians

  • accident and casualty data; pedestrians involved in accidents; pedestrians causing accidents; pedestrian casualties
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Regulation and Enforcement

  • traffic regulations for (or affecting) pedestrian activity
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Summary of Key Issues

A summary of key issues should be presented, which typically include the following:

  • pedestrians neglected in infrastructure planning;
  • inadequate sidewalks; occupation of sidewalks by hawkers and illegal markets;
  • dispersion from transport hubs, especially rail and bus stations;
  • congestion; use of shared carriageway;
  • impact of pedestrians on congestion; reduction in V/C ratios on links and degree of saturation at junctions;
  • safety;
  • severance;
  • low priority given to pedestrians;
  • lack of pedestrian facilities;
  • land use issues;
  • poor enforcement of pedestrian areas;
  • poor Road User Education (RUE);
  • inadequate or inappropriate regulation
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