Annex 2 Indian Case Studies

Nanded, Maharashtra – Street Design Project

Nanded is a small sized town by Indian standards. It has a population of about half a million and an area of a little over 50 sq. km. The city has an important Gurudwara-a Sikh temple, and is one of the five most important holy places for Sikhs. Celebrations are planned in 2008 to mark 300 years of the setting up the Gurudwara and 2.5 million pilgrims from all over the world are expected to visit Nanded in the week around these dates.

The city of Nanded has been included in the JNNURM program and a major investment in upgrading the physical infrastructure is currently under way. The projects undertaken include:

  • Riverfront development project;
  • A new sewerage system and sewage treatment plant;
  • Water supply network;
  • Upgrading existing airstrip into full-fledged airport;
  • Upgrading of the existing railway station and construction of a new additional railway station for freight traffic;
  • Hospital/Trauma care centre;
  • A museum;
  • Campsite development (for the celebrations, to accommodate 1 million people)

A major initiative to improve the streets of the city is also underway. About 50 Km. of streets in Nanded are being redesigned and built. These include:

  • The important roads in Nanded’s old, dense city-centre;
  • About half of the main roads in the northern part of Nanded (north of the railway);
  • A number of partly connected roads in the still undeveloped south of Nanded (south of the river)

The roads range from Right of ways from 9 M. to 30M. with varying configurations. The details of the road widths are:

  • metre wide proposed pedestrian road near the Gurudwara (Rd. 11)
  • 15 metre-wide roads, proposed for one way traffic (1x2 lanes)
  • 15 metre-wide roads, proposed for two-way traffic (2x1 lanes)
  • 18 metre-wide roads, proposed for one-way traffic (1x2 lanes)
  • 18 metre-wide roads, proposed for two-way traffic (2x1 lanes)
  • 22 metre-wide roads, two-way traffic (2x1 lanes)
  • 24 metre-wide roads, two-way traffic, two lanes per direction (2x2 lanes)
  • 30 metre-wide roads, two-way traffic, two lanes per direction with median (2x2)

Design Objective

The designs of roads has been prepared on the principle of equitable space allocation for all road users with a “focus on people rather than automobiles.

The Nanded Roads Project is an extraordinary project. Its scale in terms of the number of roads to be re-engineered and the commitment to provide appropriate facilities for cycling and walking on these roads are unique for India. The project, when properly executed, could become a model for hundreds of similar-sized Asian cities that aspire to develop a sustainable, safe and pleasant, people friendly street atmosphere.

The road cross sections are being designed keeping in mind the chaos and confusion that exist in a typical Indian street as of today. The main source of this chaos is the mixed traffic conditions prevailing in our streets with a range of vehicles such as bullock carts, cycles, cycle-rickshaws, auto-rickshaws, two wheelers in huge quantity, cars, buses and trucks. Detailed activity studies and traffic counts were carried out at important parts of the existing streets and these were translated into the plans. The design approach has been to find space for all the activities that exist.

Figure 1 Typical Activity Analysis- Activities on Necklace Road at 11.30 am.

The most important component of the design has been to segregate the Motor Vehicle traffic from the Non Motorised (Cycle rickshaws, hand pushed carts, vendor’s carts along with cycles). Adequate space has been provided for the pedestrians since they form the majority of the users. A separate ribbon has been provided on one or both sides of the road depending on the space available. We are calling it the Multi Utility Zone (MUZ). This zone has been detailed out to carry the following functions:

  • Bus Stops
  • Street Lighting
  • Trees
  • Parking for cars, two wheelers and cycles
  • Auto Rickshaw stands
  • Hawker platforms
  • Public Toilets
  • Electrical and telecom distribution panels and package type transformers
  • Garbage bins
  • Advertising structures
  • Signages etc.

Provision of designated areas for these areas should allow for better enforcement of traffic rules as these activities tend to spill onto the movement areas and become a bottleneck as well as a hazard. We anticipate that the traffic will flow better due to the design interventions.

The designs are completely accessible and traffic calming details are being incorporated to make the streets safer.

Provision of high quality cycle lanes is likely to result in encouragement of this sustainable and greener mode of transport in the city.

Figure 2 Typical Lane Segregation

Details of the key components of the streets are:

Foot Path:

The footpath widths have been allocated differently for different streets depending upon their usage. A minimum of 1.8m width to 3.5m width has been assigned to footpaths.

NMV Lane:

Like all smaller Indian cities the roads in Nanded also caters to all modes of Non Motorized traffic in huge numbers. This includes hundreds of milkmen on cycles delivering their daily supplies to shops early in the morning, cycle rickshaws in the older part of the cities densest residential areas, bullock carts, hand push carts in commercial areas and so on. In order to segregate and formalize their movement, the NMV lane has been given in almost every one of the roads being undertaken leaving a few residential areas where the road right of way does not permit it.

The minimum lane width assigned for a one way lane is 2.0m

The minimum lane width assigned for a two way lane is 2.8m

Multi Utility Zone:

The multi utility zone (MUZ) as the name suggest is a very versatile space catering to such activities as - on road parking for both MV and NMV, Avenue trees for greening the city and also street lighting poles. A width of of 2.25m to 2.5m has been allocated for the MUZ.

Figure 3 Car Parking in Multi Utility Zone

MV Lane:

The MV Lanes have been assigned their widths according to the function of the particular street and the volume it is expected to carry. Widths ranging from 3.15m to 3.5m per lane have been allocated.

The road designs are being developed by the New Delhi based design consultants Pradeep Sachdeva Design Consultants (PSDA) and IL&FS (Infrastructure Leasing and Financial Services Ltd) as the program managers.

To enable current international best practices into the designs, national and international experts have been brought on board for the project. The experts providing detailed inputs are:

  1. Transport Research and Injury Prevention Program at IIT Delhi
  2. Interface for Cycling Expertise, (I-CE) the Netherlands who have deputed their transport planner Mr. Jeroen Buis to the offices of PSDA.
  3. Dr. L R Kadiyali of LR Kadiyali and Associates, New Delhi. Dr. Kadiyali is a foremost transport expert and is on the panel of various IRC committees.

To get feed back as well as to generate awareness about the design approach, a workshop was conducted in Nanded for the following objectives:

  1. Discussions on the specifics of traffic planning in the city
  2. Understanding of different functions in different areas and arriving at required road sections
  3. Issues and inputs for design of proposed road sections
  4. Arriving at a Vision and a mobility network for the city of Nanded

Figure 4 Proposed Bicycle Lane Segregation

Figure 5 Proposed Traffic Calming

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